The IELTS writing paper has two parts:
When working on your writing for this exam it is important to be aware of how it is assessed. For IELTS there are four criteria:
1. Task response
How comprehensively have you completed the task?
For task 1
– introductory sentence.
– summarise the main patterns and trends.
– compare data or describe changes as appropriate.
– finish with a concluding statement.
– Or describe each stage in a process.
For task 2
Have you followed each of the instructions (usually four)?
– introduce the topic or argument appropriately.
– express and/or discuss a variety of relevant ideas.
– support arguments with examples, give reasons for any opinions.
– finish with a conclusion that summarises what has been said.
– Is your answer within the word count?
2. Coherence and cohesion
– Organise the information or argument logically.
– Write clear, well-ordered paragraphs.
– Use linking words or phrases and referencing devices, such as pronouns or determiners (this, these), effectively.
3. Lexical resource
– Use a range of relevant vocabulary and lexis (phrases, collocations, fixed expressions) accurately and appropriately.
– For task 1, use verb + adverb and adjective + noun collocations to describe trends and changes over time, or to compare data.
– Or, for processes, use a range of suitable vocabulary.
– For task 2, use a range of lexis to discuss the given topic.
4. Grammatical range and accuracy
– Use a range of tenses and grammatical structures accurately and effectively.
– Use prepositions and articles accurately.
Click this link to a series of four British Council videos discussing the criteria:
So, to do well, you have to:
– make sure that your general level of English is improving all the time – work on grammar, build your vocabulary.
– develop your writing skills: generating ideas, planning, paragraphing, linking ideas and checking and editing your work to reduce errors.
– get to know the Writing Paper and the two Tasks well.
– practise frequently, learn from your mistakes and build your speed over time until you feel ready to practise under exam conditions.
Another useful link: